Medication or medical abortion requires using doctor-prescribed drugs to end an early pregnancy. You have probably heard some women talking about taking the abortion pill. However, it is a misleading term you should know about before you make up your mind.
A medical abortion requires two types of meds: one by mouth and the other through the vagina or mouth, depending on numerous factors. It is for women less than eleven months into the pregnancy, meaning seventy-seven days before the last period. Some doctors will do this type of abortion up to the ninth week because it is risky.
Compared with a surgical counterpart, a medicinal abortion does not require anesthesia and surgery. Instead, you must take medications in the abortion clinics or at home, depending on your doctor’s recommendations. Still, you must follow strict directions on when and how to take the drugs.
Where Can You Get It?
Everything depends on your place, but you can find a doctor who offers this procedure in private practices, community health centers, abortion clinics, and hospitals. Some telehealth services will offer you video appointments with doctors who can prescribe you meds and help you throughout the process.
It is vital to understand a few things, especially if you decide to do it at home. We recommend you have access to nonjudgmental, safe, and supportive care within the medical system because you may need it. A few studies have shown that it is possible to handle the process without direct supervision, but you will need access to the following:
- Reliable meds
- Accurate info
- Support in case of potential complications
Laws and Regulations
Similarly, as with any other type of abortion, you should know that medicinal subjects to the same regulations and laws. Of course, everything depends on the state or country you reside. Abortion doctors must follow state laws based on their licenses. If they break the law, they will lose their license and face penalties.
Some laws have implemented restrictions against medication, mainly because they impact people living on low incomes. You should click here to learn everything about abortion pills.
Who Should Avoid Getting Medical Abortion?
It would be best to remember that medical abortion is not safe for a pregnant person too far into the pregnancy. At the same time, in case of ectopic pregnancy or if it is outside of the womb, you should also avoid it. Other reasons to avoid it include:
- Having severe anemia or blood clot issues
- Adrenal failure
- Having intrauterine device
- Taking meds that can affect the drugs
- Taking steroids
- If you cannot reach the emergency room as soon as possible
- Cannot see a doctor for future appointment
If some factors apply to you, we recommend you consult a doctor before making up your mind.
Things to Know Beforehand
We recommend you ask as many questions as possible about the procedure beforehand. You should know that a doctor will talk to you about a health history to determine whether this abortion option is safe for your specific requirements. At the same time, they will talk with you about benefits and disadvantages of a procedure.
Suppose you decide to move forward. Some states require the examination before you can move forward. In that case, a doctor should conduct a specific analysis to confirm you are pregnant. In case you are, the next step is figuring out how many days you have been pregnant, and you should undergo ultrasound imaging test.
The doctor can also:
- Give you a blood test
- Test you for sexually transmitted diseases
- Discuss the birth control you wish to use after the abortion
Some states require a pregnant person to wait for twenty-four hours between counseling and abortion, while in others, you can do it the same day.
Things to Expect
The first med you must take is mifepristone, and you will take it in the doctor’s office. However, you will be able to go home afterward. This med will keep the pregnancy from growing in your womb. It features progesterone, which is a blocking hormone. It is important to remember that some doctors may offer you methotrexate instead.
The next step is taking the second medication or misoprostol at least one or two days afterward. Suppose you are between seventy and seventy-seven days into pregnancy. In that case, a doctor will have to give you another dose four hours after the first one. The main problem is the bleeding and cramping side effects that will empty your womb.
Therefore, if you decide to undergo a procedure, you must be sure that you wish to end a pregnancy. Stopping the drugs before the procedure can lead to congenital disabilities in the womb, which you should avoid.
During the process, you can expect the following:
- Vaginal Bleeding – As soon as the medication starts working, you will notice heavy bleeding, especially after a few hours of taking misoprostol. You will notice pregnancy tissue and clots if you are between eight and teen weeks pregnant. It should last for two hours, and we recommend you call an abortion clinic if you soak two menstrual pads during that period.
Check out this guide: https://www.wikihow.com/Recover-from-an-Abortion to learn how to recover after the procedure.
- Cramps and Pain – It is normal to experience solid cramps and belly pain after taking pills. The pain will get better as tissue leaves your uterus. You can take over-the-counter medication such as ibuprofen for pain unless you cannot take it due to health issues. If pain meds do not help, you should call the doctor as soon as possible.